Multan and Uch were eminent cultural, commercial and political centers of this civilization in pre-Arian and post-Arian period Rig Ved, the oldest Hindu scripture was written in this area. Indus valley civilization was one of the most ancient civilization in the world and present Southern Punjab was its cradle. The actual term 'hindu' first occurs, states Gavin Flood, as "a Persian geographical term for the people who lived beyond the river Indus (Sanskrit: Sindhu)", more specifically in the 6th-century BCE inscription of Darius I. The Rig Veda was written by Aryans in the Indus Valley region, towards the end of the Harappan Civilization, around 1300 and 1000 BCE. INDUS CIVILIZATION (3250 BC - 2750 BC) In the year 1922, archaeologists dug up a few places in the Indus valley and carried out excavations at Mohenjodara (meaning a mound of dead) in Sind (in Pakistan) and at Harappa on the river Ravi in Punjab. However, we can say that the Indus Valley civilization, aka the Harappan civilization, is the earliest known urban constellation in the Indian subcontinent, and survived until at least 1,700 B.C.E. A detailed note about the features, sites, society, religion etc. Around 1500 BCE, a large group of nomadic cattle-herders, the Aryans, migrated into the region from central Asia. The first papermaking process was documented in China during the Eastern Han period (25-220 CE) The Silk Road or silk route was an ancient network of trade routes. Chinese silk was very famous among the Romans. Apart from food production, a substantial section of people were engaged in activities like administration, trade, craft or religion. It started in the plains of the Indus Valley on the banks of the Indus and its tributaries. So Indus valley civilization was initially called as Harappan civilization. However, the Indus Valley Civilization did not disappear suddenly, and many elements of the Indus Civilization can be found in later cultures. The Aryans crossed the Hindu Kush mountains and came in contact with the Indus Valley Civilization. Question 13. In this post, let's see the features of Indus Valley Civilisation arts as part of the Indian Culture notes based on the NCERT text ‘An Introduction to Indian Art’ – Part 1. Initially it was pictographic and later it was converted into symbols. Current archaeological data suggest that material culture classified as Late Harappan may have persisted until at least c. 1000-900 BCE and was partially contemporaneous with the Painted Grey Ware culture. The Rig Veda also contributed to the rise of the caste system. The granaries in … Background of Indus Valley Civilization The Indus Valley Civilization was an old human progress situated in what is Pakistan and northwest India today, on the prolific flood plain of the Indus River and its region. They found traces of a very ancient civilization… Indus Valley Civilization *Represents priest king, has iconographic similarities to some SUmerian sculptures *Holes on side of jeck suggest he wore a necklace *Adorned with trefoils, that would habe held red paste in shel inlays (like the eyes, circles of the head, and arm bands would have) The Rig Veda, being the oldest and largest of the Vedas, is a collection of 1,028 hymns which contain the mythology of the Hindu Gods. of Indus Valley Civilisation is already published in this website. Proof of strict rehearses around there go back roughly to 5500 BCE. It is one of the earliest human Indus Valley Civilization civilizations, dating from 3300 to 1700 BC. 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