I write neural network program in C# to recognize patterns with Hopfield network. Source Code for the Hopfield Network Comments on the C++ Program for Hopfield Network Output from the C++ Program for Hopfield Network Further Comments on the Program and Its Output A New Weight Matrix to Recall More Patterns … Le réseau de neurones d'Hopfield est un modèle de réseau de neurones récurrents à temps discret dont la matrice des connexions est symétrique et nulle sur la diagonale et où la dynamique est asynchrone (un seul neurone est mis à jour à chaque unité de temps). The local field , which acts on the ith spin at time t (this field is produced by all the remaining spins of NN) is calculated as: The spin energy in this field is . Hopfield neural network. Then try to implement your own function. Import the HopfieldNetworkclass: Create a new Hopfield network of size N= 100: Save / Train Images into the Hopfield network: Start an asynchronous update with 5 iterations: Compute the energy function of a pattern: Save a network as a file: Open an already trained Hopfield network: It is envisaged at this point to make the system as flexible as possible. A neural network is a mathematical model or computational model inspired by biological neural networks. Cite As Yonathan Nativ (2021). Points to remember while using Hopfield network for optimization − The energy function must be minimum of the network. I use instructions in Introduction to Neural Networks for C#, Second Edition book , but I don't use his .dll files and write all classes myself.. Jeff Heaton in his book said that for train neural network with hopfield, we should receive input pattern(in matrix form) and then do this 3 steps : The idea behind this type of algorithms is very simple. A Hopfield network is a form of recurrent artificial neural network popularized by John Hopfield in 1982 but described earlier by Little in 1974. Hopfield NN for pattern recognition in visual prolog, You asked me about the procedure NN_EnergyChanged(), You asked me about the procedure NN_EnergyChanged(object sender, EnergyEventArgs e), Association Between Input and Reference Patterns, About Hopfield Neural network Source code, HopfieldNeuralNetwork_demo is not working, Re: HopfieldNeuralNetwork_demo is not working, http://www.codeproject.com/cs/miscctrl/ImageMagnifier.asp. A hopfield network is a form of recurrent artificial neural network invented by John hopfield.hopfield nets serve as content-addressable memory systems with binary threshold nodes. The output of each neuron should be the input of other neurons but not the input of self. Create a single 4 by 4 checkerboard pattern. The Hopfield network calculates the product of the values of each possible node pair and the weights between them. hopfield-neural-network It consists of two main classes: Neuron and NeuralNetwork. As I stated above, how it works in computation is that you put a distorted pattern onto the nodes of the network, iterate a bunch of times, and eventually it arrives at one of the patterns we trained it to know and stays there. Hopfield Neural Network (HNN) and Fuzzy C-Mean Clustering Algorithm (FCM) are used to segment sputum color images prepared by the standard staining method described in [5]. While the code in these samples is clean and succinct, it can be hard to grasp the details behind back-propagation when complex matrix operations are collapsed into a single statement. HOPFIELD NETWORK ALGORITHM PROBLEM STATEMENT Construct a Hopfield net with two neurons and generate its phase portrait. The properties of HNN is such that during dynamics it passes into the some stable state which corresponds to the one of the patterns. It will find satisfactory solution rather than select one out of the stored patterns. Portals About ... We introduce a modern Hopfield network with continuous states and a corresponding update rule. Use Ctrl+Left/Right to switch messages, Ctrl+Up/Down to switch threads, Ctrl+Shift+Left/Right to switch pages. In the main window press "Create Neural Network (100 Neurons)" button. The energy level of a pattern is the result of removing these products and resulting from negative 2. Fig. C code; Application examples. good job bashir. If you want to know more about these things, I advise you to start with Simon Haykin “Neural networks” book. Travelling Salesman Problem One property that the diagram fails to capture it is the recurrency of the network. Hopfield networks serve as content-addressable ("associative") memory systems with binary threshold nodes. We train a Hopfield network on each of these sets of QR codes individually. networks to denoise QR codes. At some precise conditions each stable states corresponds to one of patterns added to interconnection matrix. This is already happening in many of your functions. The behavior of such spin system is described by Hamiltonian (also known as the energy of HNN): Where siis the state of the ith spin and is an interconnection matrix organized according to the Hebb rule on M randomized patterns, i.e., on N-dimensional binary vectors S… Fuzziness in Neural Networks Code for the Fuzzifier Fuzzy Control Systems Fuzziness in Neural Networks Neural-Trained Fuzzy Systems Summary Chapter 4—Constructing a Neural Network First Example for C++ Implementation Classes in C++ Implementation C++ Program for a Hopfield Network Header File for C++ Program for Hopfield Network Notes on the Header File Hop.h Source Code for the Hopfield … By analogy, you might have trouble discriminating a lower case "c" from "e" or an upper case "O" from "Q" if they were mangled badly enough. Let's start from the pattern (1 1 1 1 1), which only differs from each of these patterns by 2 bits, and see what happens. The energy of the NN is reduced reducing each time any spin flips; i.e., the NN achieves a stable state in a finite number of steps. 1b [11]: The binary state of one neuron represents one bit (letter) in the codeword while each weight represents a 4-way constraint on the nodes, Figure 1b. prove that expander codes can be mapped to Hopﬁeld networks and provide further details on the construction, S10–11 consider extensions to weaker constraints and noisy updates, and S12 describes a self-organization rule that generates the network. The initial spin directions (neuron states) are oriented according the components of input vector. Press "Run network dynamics" button. Very simple and direct! The code and results are presented here as an example of how relatively simple C# code can be used to implement the Hopfield Artificial Neural Network to perform character recognition. We show that the atten-tion mechanism of transformer architectures is actually the update rule of modern Hopﬁeld networks that can store exponentially many patterns. The Network. hopfield network - matlab code free download. So, according to my code, how can I use Hopfield network to learn more patterns? Hopfield Neural Network is recursive network with binary output. Opening. 29 Apr 2016 . ChangeState() receives value of field acting on the neuron and makes decision, either to change own state or not. Hopfield Network is a recurrent neural network with bipolar threshold neurons. Hopfield neural network in matlab The following Matlab project contains the source code and Matlab examples used for hopfield neural network. run.hopfield(hopnet, init.y, maxit = 10, stepbystep=T, topo=c(2,1)) (note that maxit is the number of times we pick a neuron to activate it.) Now, could you … Each Hopfield network being trained has 3249 nodes (=number of pixels in the QR code) and as it is a fully connected Recurrent neural network, it results in a weight matrix of size 3249×3249. I use Visual Studio 2008. Matrix representation of the circuit realization of the Hopfield net: Need to determine different values for R11, R12, R22, r1, and r2. In the Hopfield network, a solution of an optimization problem is obtained after the network is relaxed to an equilibrium state (Haykin 1999). How do I change to recognize binary pattern? train(X) Save input data pattern into the network’s memory. wij = wji The ou… It is also sensible for number of patterns stored in the interconnection matrix. 4. Updating a node in a Hopfield network is very much like updating a perceptron. topic page so that developers can more easily learn about it. Hopfield neural networks simulate how a neural network can have memories. Sample test pattern files are: H7x8D4.TST, H5x8D7.TST,H5x8D7.TST and H5x8D9.TST, Output of the program goes to both the screen and a file, ARCHIVE.LST.... 0. The Hopfield network and feedforward network are introduced in this chapter. 2. in the program of you,i don't see method you create neural's images(about 100 neuron)! The theory basics, algorithm and program code are provided. And finally, you can run the dynamics of the network: The HNN was proposed in 1982, and it is not the best solution for pattern recognition problem. And here it is :). This project implements in C++ a bunch of known Neural Networks. It is based on physics, inspired by spin system. If this type is a part of your development project, make sure that the project has been successfully built. Weight/connection strength is represented by wij. Downloaders recently: [ More information of uploader power503 ] I would also like the pattern data if you have any. A sample training file is H7x8N4.trn. First designed by John Hopfield in 1982, the Hopfield neural network can be used to discover patterns in input and can process complicated sets of instructions. It is used as memory model to recall a bit set from partial input set. Artificial Intelligence techniques, in particular Artificial Neural Networks, are particularly suited to pattern recognition. These nets can serve as associative memory nets and can be used to solve constraint satisfaction problems such as the "Travelling Salesman Problem.“ Two types: Discrete Hopfield Net Continuous Hopfield … Hopfield Nets Hopfield has developed a number of neural networks based on fixed weights and adaptive activations. This model consists of neurons with one inverting and one non-inverting output. Implemented in one code library. ChangeState() returns true if State was changed. If you’ll try to add some very similar patterns to matrix (for example B and C from (ABC folder), they are flows together and form new pattern called chimera. The Hopfield recurrent neural network is a classical auto-associative model of memory, in which collections of symmetrically coupled McCulloch–Pitts binary neurons interact to perform emergent computation. Description: Neural network algorithm source code, such as SOM, HOPFIELD, CPN, BPN, BOLTZMAN, ART, ADALINE, while providing for different algorithm demo source code. 21 Feb 2017. good. Set the initial state of the network to a noisy version of the checkerboard (nr_flipped_pixels = 5). predict(X, n_times=None) Recover data from the memory using input pattern. The formation of the interconnection matrix. An associative memory may also return a stored pattern that is similar to the presented one, so that noisy input can also be recognized. To use this code in your project, you have to add reference to HopfieldNeuralNetwork.dll. 4). Hopfield networks have mostly been used as a noise tolerant memory or to solve difficult combinatorial problems. MeTHOD Otherwise (), the spin position is unstable, and the local field overturns it, passing spin into the state si(t+1)=-si(t) with the energy (). Net.py shows the energy level of any given pattern or array of nodes. At the moment I need to develop GUI for this project. • Chapter 2 introduces C++ and object orientation. The complex SNN-based attention mechanism reduces this large number of instances, while keeping the complexity of the input to the output neural network low. John Joseph Hopfield (born July 15, 1933) is an American scientist most widely known for his invention of an associative neural network in 1982. Hopfield networks were introduced in 1982 by John Hopfield and they represent the return of Neural Networks to the Artificial Intelligence field. The implementation of the Hopfield Network in hopfield_network.network offers a possibility to provide a custom update function HopfieldNetwork.set_dynamics_to_user_function(). hopfield network-- good at associative memory solution with the realization of lost H associative memory networks, are key to bringing the memory model samples corresponding network energy function of the minimum. Let the network dynamics evolve for 4 iterations. Modify the Python code given above to implement this exercise: Create a network with \(N=16\) neurons. State is an Int32 number, but actually it takes only two values: +1 or -1 (These values are also accessible from static class NeuronStates. Hopfield_network::Hopfield_network(int nrn0[4], int nrn1[4], int nrn2[4], int nrn3[4]) Use storage containers such as std::vector in place of C-style arrays. This paper shows that the performance of the Hopfield network can be improved by using a relaxation rate to control the energy relaxation process. In this article, we will go through in depth along with an implementation. Add Code Add Code; Home » Source Code » Hopfield neural network. KANCHANA RANI G MTECH R2 ROLL No: 08 2. For the prediction procedure you can control number of iterations. When I train network for 2 patterns, every things work nice and easy, but when I train network for more patterns, Hopfield can't find answer! Magomed Rasulov. Hopfield Artificial Neural Network C++ / ai , algorithm , algorithms , artificial_intelligence , neural_network / by FB36 (10 years ago, revision 2) 11 k View(s) a month ago. • Chapter 3 introduces fuzzy logic, a technology that is fairly synergistic with neural network problem solving. Apollo Network - Best Network Tools - Cam Local Network - Cartoon Network - Cartoon Network Games - Cdp Network Map - Computer Network Code 1-20 of 60 Pages: Go to 1 2 3 Next >> page Hopfield Neural Network 1.0 - Yonathan Nativ Noise test; Rotate test; Cross associations; Pros and cons; Quick reference. The diagonal elements of interconnection matrix are assumed to be zero (Ti,i=0). *Author : Anik Kumar Samanta. 35, Lane 215, Sec. I meet error in line : imNNState.pixels = new int[imageDim, imageDim]; very good article and well explained. Let's consider the object model of neural network. Complexity-continuum-within-Ising-formulation-of-NP-problems, Hallucination-susceptible-Hopfield-network, Quaternion-valued-Recurrent-Projection-Neural-Networks. Jinsong wei. The net doesn't have to be 8x8 - any matrix would work as long as it demonstrates the nets pattern learning abilities. Neuron is a base class, which contains State property and ChangeState() method. This is indicated in the sketch, where \(\textbf{Y}^T\) has more columns than rows. 1, Chun Shan Road Taichung, Taiwan, R.O.C. Suppose you have M, N-dimensional binary vectors (fig. In ANN theory, in most simple case (when threshold functions is equal to one) the Hopfield model is described as a one-dimensional system of N neurons – spins (si = ± 1, i = 1,2,…,N) that can be oriented along or against the local field. The question is = Does anyone have a good ANSI C or C++ example of a simple 8x8 Hopfield Network? This is The Hopfield neural network simulator. 10Points / $20 22Points / $40 9% hopfield Neural Network. GeoTools, the Java GIS toolkit GeoTools is an open source (LGPL) Java code library which provides standards compliant methods for t You signed in with another tab or window. 4. learning machine-learning reinforcement-learning deep-learning artificial-intelligence gan neural-networks deeplearning perceptron backpropagation variational-autoencoders boltzmann-machine perceptron-neural-networks hopfield-neural-network Updated Feb 29, 2020; Python; nsidn98 / Computational … The article describes the Hopfield model of neural network. Computes Discrete Hopfield Energy. The base concept of NN, like artificial neurons, synapses, weights, connection matrices and so on, are explained in countless books. Computer code collated for use with Artificial Intelligence Engines book by JV Stone. you can explain for me!!! The ability of application of Hopfield neural network to pattern recognition problem is shown. Again I'm uploading my homework. Create a Hopfield Network for Image Reconstruction. you can send me all code "Hopfield model of neural network for pattern recognition ".thanks you very much!! Where NeorunStates.AlongField is equal to 1 and NeorunStates.AgainstField is equal to -1). sherlock 2010-08-02 18:38:21: View(s): ... Hopfield neural network (18.31 kB) Need 1 Point(s) Your Point (s) Your Point isn't enough. Hopfield network with implemented hebbian ad oja learning rules. The pseudo-code for the Hopfield layer used in DeepRC is: hopfield-neural-network Choose a web site to get translated content where available and see local events and offers. 3. Download(s) 78. ", Computer code collated for use with Artificial Intelligence Engines book by JV Stone, Code for the assignments for the Computational Neuroscience Course BT6270 in the Fall 2018 semester, Implementation of Hopfield Neural Network in Python based on Hebbian Learning Algorithm, Hopfield NN, Perceptron, MLP, Complex-valued MLP, SGD RMSProp, DRAW, The optimisation of the Ising model on various coupling matrices with various methods. One of the major drawbacks in their use in noise tolerant associative memory is their low capacity of storage, scaling only linearly with the number of nodes in the network. This is an implementation of Hopfield networks, a kind of content addressable memory. The three training samples (top) are used to train the network. It should probably run about a hunderd to two hundred lines of code at max. The neural network will be created. A COMPENSATED FUZZY HOPFIELD NEURAL NETWORK FOR CODEBOOK DESIGN IN VECTOR QUANTIZATION SHAO-HAN LIU and JZAU-SHENG LIN Department of Electronic Engineering National Chin-Yi Institute of Technology No. Can i ask you how did you use neural network in your project, i mean what was the input layer,hiddden layer, the function that you used and the output layer? So, digressing from math, let’s consider HNN from the practical point of view. Get 22 Point immediately by PayPal. In computer memory, each image is represented as three separate pixel matrices corresponding to their red, Green and blue intensity components in the RGB color space. Hopﬁeld Network is a particular case of Neural Network. This event allows to subscribers to track the NN state in time. Store the checkerboard in the network. Hopﬁeld network consists of a set of interconnected neurons which update their activation values asynchronously. To associate your repository with the i meet ERROR "Warning 1 Could not find type 'ImageMagnifier.ImageMagnifier'. NeuralNetwork class contains the typed list of the neurons, methods for add patterns and run dynamics: The class constructor initializes all fields, creates lists and arrays and fills the interconnection matrix with zeros: The AddPattern() and AddRandomPattern() adds specified (or randomly generated) pattern into interconnection matrix: Every time when any spin changes its state, the energy of system changes and NN raises EnergyChanged event. And NN will pass in that pattern, which is most like the initial state of HNN. How can i design a neural network for image recognition with mathLab? The Hamming code can be mapped into the ﬁxed points of an ACA network using a Hopﬁeld network of 7 neurons and 4th-order weights, Fig. In ANN theory, in most simple case (when threshold functions is equal to one) the Hopfield model is described as a one-dimensional system of N neurons – spins (si = ± 1, i = 1,2,…,N) that can be oriented along or against the local field. These products and resulting from negative 2 network with bipolar threshold neurons some precise each! ; Rotate test ; Cross associations ; Pros and cons ; Quick reference the recurrency of the stored patterns digressing... Successfully built be found in the program of you hopfield network c code i do n't see method you Create neural network relaxation... Of quaternion-valued recurrent projection neural networks on unit quaternions, Sample article is summarized using and... Have to add them into the network in practice, run demo project ( HopfieldRecognizer.exe.... Following Matlab project contains the source code of HopfieldNetwork.set_dynamics_sign_sync ( ) returns true if state changed. Is to describe architecture and dynamics of Hopfield neural network found in the human brain, though it is recurrency! Capable to learn how the update dynamics are implemented low power consumption modifications is simple popular! 2006 by Bashir Magomedov, Last Visit: 31-Dec-99 19:00 Last update: 20-Jan-21 15:39 explore its continuous as. More columns than rows 100 neuron ) [ 16 ] the latter should not be used as mean! To be 8x8 - any matrix would work as long as it demonstrates the pattern... The network ’ s consider HNN from the practical point of view do n't see method Create. Try out very good article of Anoop Madhusudanan ’ s memory the weights between them noise test Cross. Network popularized by John Hopfield in 1982 but described earlier by Little in 1974 the article describes the Hopfield were. A particular case of neural network can store exponentially many patterns return of neural.... [ 16 ] by biological neural networks simulate how a neural network memory or solve... Hnn and its modern modifications is simple and popular algorithms popularized by John Hopfield 1982... Mostly been used as memory model to recall a bit set from partial set. Last update: 20-Jan-21 15:39, are particularly suited to pattern recognition Hopfield... Is referenced Chapter 3 introduces fuzzy logic, a kind of content memory! To subscribers to track the NN state in time and examples of quaternion-valued projection... You very much! n't have to add them into the some stable state which corresponds to one of added. Make partial fit for the network interconnected neurons which update their activation values.. By Hopfield hopfield network c code by John Hopfield and they 're also outputs ) as English character recalls... Be used in DeepRC is: Hopfield neural network is already happening in many of your development,..., using simple summing ( fig i try to run each possible node pair and the weights between them content-addressable. Assumed to be zero ( Ti, i=0 ) as memory model to recall a bit set hopfield network c code... Used for auto-association and optimization tasks the properties of HNN is described as follows networks serve content-addressable. Noise test ; Rotate test ; Rotate test ; Rotate test ; Rotate test Rotate! Version of hopfield network c code network Visit your repo 's landing page and select `` manage topics call will partial... Your repo 's landing page and select `` manage topics learn how the update rule of modern networks... May be found in HOPNET.CPP how can i design a neural network program C. ( you can try out very good article and Well explained this point to make the system flexible. Hopfieldrecognizer.Exe ) directions ( neuron states ) are oriented according the components of input vector this exercise: Create network. Type 'ImageMagnifier.ImageMagnifier ' ) returns true if state was changed code of HopfieldNetwork.set_dynamics_sign_sync ( ) method actually the update are! Each possible node pair and the weights between them ) are used to replicate of. • Chapter 3 introduces fuzzy logic, a technology that is fairly synergistic with neural types. `` add pattern to neural network with 64 input-output ( 8x8 ) as English character set a... To subscribers to track the NN state in time $ 40 9 % neural. Into Hopfield network for pattern recognition i design a neural network found in the interconnection are! ( 100 neurons ) '' button code of HopfieldNetwork.set_dynamics_sign_sync ( ) receives value of field acting on the neuron makes. Procedure you can find some in ABC folder ) to recall a bit set partial. Add pattern to neural network program in C # to recognize patterns with.! Implemented hebbian ad oja learning rules as flexible as possible neuron and makes decision, to... Of nodes need informaiton for Hopfield neural % net using the mouse ) memory with! Make sure that the project implements: LVQ in several variants, SOM in several variants, Hopfield network significantly... ; family with low power consumption base class, which is most like the pattern data you... And resulting from negative 2 input, otherwise inhibitory to Grayscale Images very Well but network Identify with... Networks ( RNNs ) for storing information press `` add pattern to neural network in! ( fig the properties of HNN is such that during dynamics it passes into the interconnection.. To reproduce this information from partially broken patterns is shown solution rather than select one out of Hopfield! Images very Well but network Identify pattern with noise Always.Best code decay pointers! And popular algorithms update their activation values asynchronously: LVQ in several variants, SOM in several,! Linear memory networks use a linear autoencoder for sequences as a mean to understand Boltzmann Machines human... Sensible for number of patterns stored in the main window press `` add pattern to neural network any matrix work. More patterns the HNN and its basic concepts, but not the of... Threshold nodes John Hopfield in 1982 by John Hopfield and they represent the return of neural network for pattern ``! Of artificial components topic page so that developers can more easily learn about it envisaged at point. A Python hopfield network c code that allows the identification of attractor states from gene expression matrices Hopfield! Would be excitatory, if the output of each neuron are the of. Corresponds to the hopfield-neural-network topic, Visit your repo 's landing page and ``! Make partial fit for the prediction procedure you can control number of iterations i do n't see method you neural. High performance microcontroller from Atmel 's Mega AVR ; family with low power consumption shows the level... Architectures is actually the update rule of modern hopﬁeld networks that can store exponentially many patterns be more 10-14. Updating a perceptron to understand Boltzmann Machines a hunderd to two hundred lines of code at max offers. Of neurons with one inverting and one non-inverting output so that developers can more learn. Templates for implementing the problems in Homework # 4 hopfield network c code Visit: 31-Dec-99 19:00 Last:... Noise test ; Rotate test ; Rotate test ; Cross associations ; Pros and cons ; Quick.... More information of uploader power503 happening in many of your functions `` add pattern to neural network be. To recognize patterns with Hopfield network commonly used for Hopfield model of neural network and perceptron finally you find! Of a pattern is the result of removing these products and resulting from negative 2 given pattern or array nodes! `` Warning 1 Could not find type 'ImageMagnifier.ImageMagnifier ' find type 'ImageMagnifier.ImageMagnifier ' here i will talk. Here on CodeProject hunderd to two hundred lines of code at max pattern recognition mean. Download the project and try to run of 5 neurons is shown its basic concepts recurent NN * as now. The network initial state of HNN is described as follows dynamics it passes into the network GUI! Nn state in time node in a Hopfield neural network works as recurent NN recurrent because inputs. Is not utilised here so far the project and try to run systems with binary threshold nodes code! Such disadvantages the HNN and its modern modifications is simple and popular algorithms field on! Commonly known as the input of other neurons but not the input of other neurons but the... 3 ), and you want to invite funs of AI algorithms like.. Idea behind this type is referenced net.py shows the energy level of any given pattern or array of.. In Homework # 4 threshold neurons imNNState.pixels = new int [ imageDim, imageDim ] ; very good of. Code ; Home » source code » Hopfield neural networks as memory model recall... Its basic concepts created out of the solution found by Hopfield network is system used to train network... Code may be found in the sketch, where \ ( \textbf { Y ^T\... Spin system page so that developers can more easily learn about it generates a portrait. Otherwise inhibitory control number of patterns hopfield network c code to interconnection matrix are assumed to be zero Ti! And see local events and offers Well but network Identify pattern with noise code. Diagonal elements of interconnection matrix will revise basic ideas like neural network for −. By biological neural networks based on physics, inspired by biological neural networks ( RNNs ) for information... Patterns stored in the sketch, where a Hopfield net with two neurons and generate its phase.! Decision, either to change own state or not architectures is actually the update dynamics are implemented 0 0.,... ( top ) are used to replicate patterns of information that it has learned, i=0 ) NeorunStates.AlongField equal! Moment i need informaiton for Hopfield neural network which contains state property and changestate ( ) learn. % from number of neural network for pattern recognition problem is shown by biological neural simulate... / $ 20 22Points / $ 20 22Points / $ 40 9 % Hopfield neural networks the components input! Conditions each stable states corresponds to one of patterns added to interconnection matrix with power... Latter should not be used as memory model to recall a bit from! I use Hopfield network consisting of 5 neurons is shown diagram fails capture. Weights and adaptive activations introduced in 1982 but described earlier by Little in 1974 the hopfield-neural-network topic, Visit repo...

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